|The town of Niscemi
Tourism in Niscemi
Niscemi - a large agricultural centre on a hill and founded in 1626 with licentia populandi by Giuseppe Branciforte - has a wonderful cork forest in its southeast area.
The cork forest is a natural reserve with a rich vegetation and many kinds of insects.
The most important plant of the reserve is the cork oar, and here one find very big trees: in the Valley of the Pisciotto the landscape is dominated by the Quercia Mosaica, a very old tree with a six metre large trunk.
Amongst the other plants there is the kermes oak, holm oak, white willow, dwarf palm, lentisk and the Mediterranean honeysuckle.
The wonderful natural landscape is completed by delicate orchids.
Many are the insects such as beetles and coleopters, living in the big cork oar branches.
Several butterflies, silent and coloured, cheer the atmosphere, such as the local Polissena and the Silvano azzurro, the most interesting specimens.