|The province of Catania
Nicolosi (Zip Code 95030) is 207 Km. distant from Agrigento, 122 Km. from Caltanissetta, 13 Km. from Catania, which is the province it belongs to, 87 Km. from Enna, 93 Km. from Messina, 257 Km. from Palermo, 117 Km. from Ragusa, 71 Km. from Siracusa, 356 Km. from Trapani.
Photo © Affinità Elettive
The municipality counts 5.976 inhabitants, its surface measures 4.248 hectares, and its population density counts 141 inhabitants per square kilometre.
It rises over a mountain area, 702 meters above the sea-level.
The Town Hall is located in piazza Vittorio Emanuele, phone ++39 095-7917011 fax. ++39 095-911187.
A charming mountain center, Nicolosi boasts a rich production of mulberries, pears, apples, chestnuts, olives, grapes, vegetables, and mushrooms.
Photo © A.p.t. Catania
Cattle breeding, as well as sheep, goat, and horse farms, are flourishing because of the numerous pasture areas.
The characteristic local handicrafts consist of wooden objects, exhibited during the annual Handcrafts and Folklore Exhibit/Market, held in the month of August.
The name Nicolosi derives from the Benedictine monastery, dedicated to San Nicola, erected in town during the XII century, of which some remains are still visible to this day.
The first inhabited center rose in the surroundings of the monastery, and back in time, it had been destroyed many times by numerous lava flows, that form the so-called "Red Mountains" throughout the territory, in other words, small cones of solidified lava.
The suburb belonged to the jurisdiction of the nearby town of Paternò until 1852, when it became independent.
Photo © A.p.t. Catania
The most relevant monuments are the Chiesa Madre of 1700, that presents a splendid baroque bell-tower preserving a wooden Crucifix of the XVI century, the Chiesa di S. Giuseppe, the Chiesa Santa Maria delle Grazie and the Chiesa della Madonna del Carmine, both built in 1700.
Among Nicolosi's citizens, the most noteworthy was Mario Gemmellaro (1773-1839), a famous volcanologist, whose in-depth studies demonstrated that mountain Etna is actually an agglomerate of many small volcanos.
In 1829, following such discovery, he was conferred a gold medal by Berlin's Science Academy.