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The province of Enna

Agira

A panoramic view of Agira
Photo © Reti e Sistemi

Agira (Zip Code 94011) is 141 Km. distant from Agrigento, 69 Km. from Caltanissetta, 66 Km. fromCatania, 34 Km. from Enna, which is the province it belongs to , 162 Km. from Messina, 184 Km. fromPalermo, 144 Km. from Ragusa, 124 Km. from Siracusa, 291 Km from Trapani.

Photo © Reti e Sistemi The Church of Sant'Antonio

The municipality counts 9.004 inhabitants, its surface measures 16.311 hectares, and its populationdensity counts 55 inhabitants per square kilometre. It rises over an internal hilly area, 650 meters above thesea-level.

The Town Hall is located in via Vittorio Emanuele n. 284, tel. ++39 0935-961111 fax. ++39 0935-961226. E-mail address is: sindaco.agira@tiscalinet.it.

A charming agricultural center, Agira boasts a rich production of cereals, almonds, olives, and grapes. Cattle breeding, sheep and horse farms, are relevant because of the vast pasture areas.

There are also many sulfurous water springs. The name Agira derives from the Greek term Agyrion. Agira.

The Romans called it Agirium and, until 1861, it was called San Filippo di Argiriò, in honor of its evangelized saint, S. Filippo il Siriaco.

According to the information provided by historian Diodoro Siculo (I century B.C.) the town was already existent in the XII century B.C.. In 339 B.C., it was colonized by the Corinthians.

Under the Roman dominion, it experienced a period of decadence due to the heavy tributes imposed to the inhabitants. In 1063, it passed into Normanhands, specifically to count Ruggero, who defeated the Moors near the Salso river.

Photo © Reti e Sistemi The ruins of the castle

It then was apossession of the Angevins, Swabians, and Aragoneses, and approximately in 1400 it became state property.

Throughout the years, the town also experienced Spanish and Jewish installations; the lattererected a synagogue, symbol of their civilization. Only recently the town has acquired its current name Agira.

The outstanding monuments are the Norman Chiesa Madre (Mother Church) dedicated to S. Maria Maggiore, the Church of S. Filippo preserving numerous art pieces by various artists, the Church of S. Antonio Abate of the XVI century, preserving 14 small paintings of Venetian schooling, and the Church of S. Salvatore accompanied by a Gothic bell-tower.

Relevant are also the Church of S. Antonio da Padova of 1500, and the Norman Church of S. Margherita.