|The province of Messina
Roccavaldina (Zip Code 98040) is 309 km. distant from Agrigento, 242 km. from Caltanissetta, 130 km. from Catania, 201 km. from Enna, 37 km. from Messina, which province it belongs to, 234 km. from Palermo, 234 km. from Ragusa, 188 km. from Siracusa, 333 km. from Trapani.
Photo © Michele Palamara
The municipality has 1.248 inhabitants and an area of 653 hectares for a population density of 191 inhabitants per square kilometre. It rises along the coast on hilly area and is 320 metres above sea-level.
The Town Hall is placed in via Roma n. 4, tel. ++39 090-9978111 fax. ++39 090-9977542.
Roccavaldina is placed on a hill and opposite it there are Eolie isles and is prevalently an agricultural centre. Products mostly cultivated are citrus fruit, olives, corn, wine-grapes, peaches.
The original name of Roccavaldina was Rocca since it is placed on a hill. The first populated nucleus rose in 1300 during the reign of Frederick II of Aragon.
In 1509 it was conquered by noble Andrea Valdina who made built a fortified castle and used it as his permanent residence.
Near 1623 he got the title of first marquise of the village. Only in 1863 it was added the appositive Valdina from the name of marquises of Valdina.
Photo © Wikipedia
In the XVIII century the centre was bequeathed to Armaos, while the castle became a property of Nastasi de Spuches, a feudal family. Later it became an independent commune.
The most interesting monuments are Baronial Palace of Valdina, built in the XV century and altered in the XVII century with a front in Sicilian manneristic style, the Cathedral Church dedicated to St. Nicola (patron of the village) with a bell-tower of Rinascimento that keeps its inside the grave of the lord Maurizio Valdina of the XV century and finally the Convent of Capuchins with typical structure made by local stones.
Roccavaldina is renowned for the so-called "Bottega dello Speziale" (apothecary shop) which is an ancient chemist of 1500 with inside the original tools to prepare medicines and 256 articles which include anphorae, flasks, little pitchers and vase that portray mythological and biblical scenes.