The province of Messina



View of Sinagra
Photo © Dott. Carlo Cardaci

Sinagra (Zip Code 98069) is 250 km. distant from Agrigento, 204 km. from Caltanissetta, 147 km. from Catania, 163 km. from Enna, 107 km. from Messina, which province it belongs to, 176 km. from Palermo, 251 km. from Ragusa, 205 km. from Siracusa, 275 km. from Trapani.

The municipality has 3.073 inhabitants and an area of 2.392 hectares for a population density of 128 inhabitants per square kilometre. It rises along the coast on a hilly area and is 260 metres above sea-level.

The Town Hall is placed in piazza S. Teodoro, tel. ++39 0941-594016 fax. ++39 0941-594372. E-mail address is:

Important from economic point of view are agricultural productions of citrus fruit, hazel-nuts, grapes, olives, fruit. Now the village has other two economic sectors which are increasing: tourism and handicraft. Besides there are some different industrial installations (knitted goods , and boot factories and so on) which show a good variety of economy of Sinagra also in the industrial field.

Ancient traditions and finds of a phitos (Roman plebeian grave), suggest that Sinagra rose in the times of the Punic wars (260 B.C.).
According to tradition some Roman families of woodsmen established in a bend of the broad stream which offered them a rich vegetation. They found several materials to build boats and they were able to navigate the broad stream. At the same time, for its natural position, the bend acted as protection against possible enemy attacks.
There is at variance among several sources about the origin of name of Sinagra. Some of them derive it from Greek Xenàgoras (hospitable); others go back to Latin and assert that the village takes its name from the bend (sinus) of the river and from the field (ager) near the same inlet. Another possibility is that the name derives from the fact that the lower part of the village is placed on an embankment inlet (sinus aggeris).

Photo © Dott. Carlo Cardaci 

Grotto of Beato Diego

Sinagra is mentioned in a diploma of Roger I of 1050 and later in a bull of Pope Eugenio III. It was possession of different feudal lords: from Normans to Swabians, from Lancias to Ventimiglias, from Russos to Afflittos, till to arrive to Ioppolos who got the title of duke by Philip IV in 1654. The village has remained theirs till up to 1812 when feudal duties were abolished.

The most interesting monuments are the old Church of the Convent or of Crucifix and the beautiful portals made from stone sculptured in various shapes which can be admired going through via Umberto I (Umberto I street). If we go away for about hundred metres it is possible to see, placed on a hillock, an ancient feudal Castle with a tower with a clock which was the residence of different families from Lancia to Sandoval.
At the foot of the hillock it opens a small grotto of Beato Diego native of Sinagra. He, with his own hands, dug in the grotto a bed and a kneeling-stool because he wanted to retire into eremitical life and to serve the Lord with prayers and leading a life made of renunciations.
It is besides possible to visit the house of the writer Beniamino Ippolo. Important from an artistical point of view is the Cathedral Church which keeps a marble ancon of 1543 made by Giacomo Gagini (1517-1598).

From the name of Sinagra derives the surname of the famous Sicilian sociologist and professor at Universities of Catania and Palermo, Vincenzo Sinagra (1899-1973) who busied with problems about Law of Labour.

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