|The province of Messina
Taormina (Zip Code 98039) is 249 km. distant from Agrigento, 183 km. from Caltanissetta, 57 km. from Catania, 154 km. from Enna, 45 km. from Messina, which province it belongs to, 282 km. from Palermo, 161 km. from Ragusa, 115 km. from Siracusa, 381 km. from Trapani.
Photo © Luigi Nifosì
The municipality has 10.465 inhabitants and an area of 1.316 hectares for a population density of 795 inhabitants per square kilometre. It rises on a hilly area and is 206 metres above sea-level.
The Town Hall is placed in C. Umberto n. 217, tel. ++39 0942-610111 fax. ++39 0942-610220. The related e-mail address is: email@example.com
Taormina is famous for its tourism which makes of it one of the chief town of Sicilian tourism. The pretty town bases its production upon vegetables and fruit and also upon fresh fish. Local handicraft is based upon wood and iron works and handmade embroideries.
Photo © Luigi Nifosì
Taormina is part of towns of Vitùlia, the calves' land, and its name derives both from Greek Tauromenion and from Latin Tauromenium and both has the same meaning "Bull". Many civilizations followed one upon the other as from the VIII century B.C. in Taormina's territory.
Originary Sicilians' town, in 392 it was conquered by Dionysius I of Siracusa, in 358 by Anomarco, historian Timeo's father and in 345 by Corinthian general Timoleonte. It was later possession of Agatocle and Ierone II of Siracusa.
Photo © Reti e Sistemi
In 212 it had a great development and passed with all the Sicily into Romans' hand. Normans were in possession of it in1079 and made of it a prosperous town for all the medieval period.
In the XVII century most of its territory was for sale to Spanishes and the revolt against them in 1674 did nothing but cause further impoverishments. It was left out of every sort of trade and so it opened to industry and got excellent results.
Militar walls of Mount Tauro are of medieval period. They push on as far as Castle made built at first by Arabs and finished by Normans towards the end of `300.
The most important monuments are the Covaja Palace, old seat of Sicilian Parliament; Palace of Dukes of St. Stefano, the XVth-century Ciampoli Palace, the Basilica of St. Nicolò with its inside a painting on board made by A. Giuffrè (1463-1510); the Torre dell`Orologio (Tower of the Clock) with Porta di Mezzo through which it is possible to enter in the village, ex Convent of St. Domenico with annexed the Church which keeps some original elements such as the Cloister and the bell-tower; the Old Abbey or Badiazza, a Norman battlement tower.
Photo © Estate in Sicilia
Taormina is full of archaeological areas where it is possible to admire Greek Theatre (second in Sicily for its vastness after Siracusa's one) built in Hellenistic period it has been recently restored; ruins of Odeon, a Roman building of imperial period and the Naumachie, a great residue of hydraulic engineering of Roman period.
Taormina, considered a pearl of Sicilian tourism, organizes in July and August the famous show of cinema, music and theatre, the "Taormina Arte" which earns great echo all over Sicily.